Der Bootloader ist das erste was auf dem Bildschirm erscheint wenn Tails startet.

Du kannst den Boot Loader nutzen um die Boot-Optionen (englisch 'boot options') zu ändern. Boot-Optionen sind Start-Parameter die genutzt werden, um Probleme mit nicht standardmässig unterstützten Hardware Komponenten zu umgehen. Zum Beispiel, unsere Liste unbekannter Fehler mit Grafikkarten dokumentiert boot options für unterschiedliche Grafikkarten.

Der Troubleshooting Mode im Boot Loader deaktiviert einige Features des Linux Kernels und funktioniert eventuell besser auf einigen Computern. Du kannst diese Option ausprobieren, wenn du Hardware kompatibilitäts Fehler während des Startforgangs mit Tails hast.

Depending on the computer, the Boot Loader might be either GRUB or SYSLINUX.

Using SYSLINUX

This is what SYSLINUX looks like:

Black screen ('SYSLINUX') with Tails
logo and 2 options: 'Tails' and 'Tails (Troubleshooting Mode)'.

If your Boot Loader looks different, refer to our instructions below on modifying the boot options using GRUB.

To modify the boot options in SYSLINUX:

  1. Press Tab when SYSLINUX appears.

    A command line with a list of boot options appears at the bottom of the screen.

    SYSLINUX with
a list of options starting with '/live/vmlinuz' at the bottom

  2. Modify the boot options as needed.

    To add a boot option, press Space and type the boot option that you want to add.

    If you want to add more than one boot option, type them one after the other and separate them with a Space.

  3. Press Enter to start Tails.

Using GRUB

This is what GRUB looks like:

Black screen ('GNU GRUB') with Tails
logo and 2 options: 'Tails' and 'Tails (Troubleshooting Mode)'.

If your Boot Loader looks different, refer to our instructions on modifying the boot options using SYSLINUX above.

To modify the boot options in GRUB:

  1. Press e when GRUB appears.

    A new screen appears with more options.

    GRUB with a list of
options starting with 'setparams Tails'

  2. Modify the boot options as needed.

    To add a boot option, navigate with the arrows of the keyboard to the end of the line that starts with linux. Type the boot option that you want to add. The line is most likely wrapped and displayed on several lines but it is a single configuration line.

    If you want to add more than one boot option, type them one after the other and separate them with a Space.

  3. Press Ctrl+X, F10, or Fn+F10 to start Tails.