Estas instrucciones explican cómo hacer una copia de respaldo de tu Almacenamiento Persistente a otra memoria USB de Tails.

If your Tails is broken and you are trying to rescue your Persistent Storage, see our instructions on rescuing your Persistent Storage from a broken Tails.

Crear un nuevo Tails para almacenar tu copia de respaldo

En estas instrucciones, recomendamos que crees otro Tails para almacenar tu copia de respaldo. De esta manera, si tu Tails se pierde o se daña, serás capaz de reemplazarlo inmediatamente con tu copia de respaldo de Tails.

Your backup Tails must be version 4.14 or newer.

  1. Install Tails on a new USB stick on which you want to create your backup Tails. For detailed instructions, see how to install Tails from another Tails. Make sure that this new USB stick is at least as large as your current Tails USB stick.

  2. Te recomendamos que uses una memoria USB de forma distinta para tu Tails de respaldo, para evitar usarlo por error.

  3. Apaga la computadora y desconecta tu memoria USB de Tails actual.

  4. Restart on your backup Tails and create a Persistent Storage on it. For detailed instructions, see how to create & configure the Persistent Storage.

    Te recomendamos que uses la misma frase contraseña que tu Tails actual para que sea más fácil de recordar.

  5. When the Persistent Storage settings shows the list of possible features, click Save and exit.

    The backup process described below overrides the configuration of the Persistent Storage. So, it does not matter which features you turn on when creating the Persistent Storage.

  6. Apaga y desconecta tu memoria USB Tails de respaldo.

Create or update your backup

  1. Start on your current Tails, set up an administration password, and unlock the Persistent Storage.

  2. Elige Aplicaciones ▸ Accesorios ▸ Archivos para abrir el navegador de Archivos.

  3. Inserta tu memoria USB Tails de respaldo.

  4. If your backup Tails is outdated, you should upgrade it by cloning your current Tails using Tails Installer. For detailed instructions, see how to manually upgrade from another Tails.

  5. A new encrypted volume appears in the sidebar of the Files browser. Click on it and enter the passphrase of your backup Tails to unlock the volume.

    Your backup shows up as TailsData.

  6. Elige Aplicaciones ▸ Herramientas del Sistema ▸ Terminal de Root para abrir una terminal con derechos de administración.

  7. Execute the following command to backup your Persistent Storage:

Make sure to execute this command from the Tails that you want to back up: your current Tails. If you run this command from your backup Tails instead, you will delete the Persistent Storage on your current Tails.

rsync -PaSHAXv --del /live/persistence/TailsData_unlocked/ /media/amnesia/TailsData

Cuando la orden termina te muestra un sumario de los datos que se copiaron. Por ejemplo:

sent 32.32M bytes  received 1.69K bytes  21.55M bytes/sec
total size is 32.30M  speedup is 1.00

Cada vez que actualices tu copia de respaldo, sólo los archivos que han cambiado se copiarán.

You can now eject the TailsData volume in the Files browser and unplug your backup Tails USB stick.