Esta página detalla la técnica para iniciar Tails desde una memoria USB en Mac.

Arrancar en Mac

  1. Asegúrate de haber instalado Tails usando alguno de los siguientes:

  2. Apaga la computadora.

    Apaga la computadora mientras dejas la memoria USB conectada.

    Conecta la otra memoria USB de Tails desde la que deseas instalar.

  3. Conecta tu memoria USB de Tails.

  4. Enciende la computadora.

    Inmediatamente aprieta-y-mantén la tecla Option (tecla Alt) cuando suene la campana de inicio.

    Hold the key pressed until a list of possible startup disks appears.

    Tecla
'opción' o 'alt' en la parte inferior izquierda del teclado de Mac

  5. Elige la memoria USB y presiona Enter. La memoria USB aparece como un disco duro externo y puede estar catalogada como EFI Boot o Windows como en las siguientes capturas de pantalla:

    Pantalla
con el logotipo de un disco duro interno con la etiqueta 'Macintosh HD' y un
disco duro externo con la etiqueta 'Windows' (seleccionado)

    Si el USB no aparece en la lista de discos de arranque:

    1. Wait a few minutes. Some USB sticks need some rest after installing.
    2. Asegúrate de haber instalado Tails usando alguno de los siguientes:

    3. Make sure that you have verified your download of Tails.

    4. Make sure that you have verified your download.

    5. Try installing again on the same USB stick.

    6. Try installing on a different USB stick.

    7. Try using the same USB stick to start on a different computer.

    If your computer still does not display the Boot Loader, it might currently be impossible to start Tails on your computer.

  6. Si tu Mac muestra el siguiente error:

    La configuración de seguridad no permite que este Mac use un disco de arranque externo.

    Tendrás que cambiar la configuración de la Startup Security Utility de tu Mac para permitir que arranque desde Tails.

    To open Startup Security Utility:

    1. Turn on your Mac, then press and hold Command(⌘)+R immediately after you see the Apple logo. Your Mac starts up from macOS Recovery.

    2. When you see the macOS Utilities window, choose Utilities ▸ Startup Security Utility from the menu bar.

    3. When you are asked to authenticate, click Enter macOS Password, then choose an administrator account and enter its password.

    Startup Security Utility

    In the Startup Security Utility:

    • Choose No Security in the Secure Boot section.

    • Choose Allow booting from external media in the External Boot.

    To still protect your Mac from starting on untrusted external media, you can set a firmware password, available on macOS Mountain Lion or later. A firmware password prevents users who do not have the password from starting up from any media other than the designated startup disk.

    If you forget your firmware password you will require an in-person service appointment with an Apple Store or Apple Authorized Service Provider.

    Lee más en Ayuda de Apple acerca de:

  7. Si la computadora inicia en Tails, aparece el Gestor de Arranque y Tails arranca automáticamente luego de 4 segundos.

    Pantalla negra ('GNU
GRUB') con el logo de Tails y 2 opciones 'Tails' y 'Tails (Troubleshooting
Mode)'.

Solución de problemas cuando Tails no arranca

Use this section if the computer does not start from the USB stick and the Boot Loader does not display:

Pantalla negra
('GNU GRUB') con el logo de Tails y 2 opciones 'Tails' y 'Tails
(Troubleshooting Mode)'.

Verifica tu memoria USB de Tails

  1. Wait a few minutes. Some USB sticks need some rest after installing.
  2. Asegúrate de haber instalado Tails usando alguno de los siguientes:

  3. Make sure that you have verified your download of Tails.

  4. Make sure that you have verified your download.

  5. Try installing again on the same USB stick.

  6. Try installing on a different USB stick.

  7. Try using the same USB stick to start on a different computer.

If you get the following error message in macOS:

There may be a problem with this disk image. Are you sure you want to open it?

Then, you have to install Tails using balenaEtcher.

Check our list of known issues

Similar problems might have been reported already for your Mac model in our list of known issues about Tails not starting at all.

Solución de problemas cuando Tails no arranca más allá del Gestor de Arranque

Utiliza esta sección si el Gestor de Arranque aparece, pero no aparece la Pantalla de Bienvenida al arracar Tails.

Verificar tu memoria USB de Tails

  1. Wait a few minutes. Some USB sticks need some rest after installing.
  2. Asegúrate de haber instalado Tails usando alguno de los siguientes:

  3. Make sure that you have verified your download of Tails.

  4. Make sure that you have verified your download.

  5. Try installing again on the same USB stick.

  6. Try installing on a different USB stick.

  7. Try using the same USB stick to start on a different computer.

Try the Troubleshooting Mode entry

In the Boot Loader, choose the Troubleshooting Mode entry, which works better on some computers.

Prueba la entrada Disco Duro externo

In the Boot Loader, choose the External Hard Disk entry, if it is available. Some USB sticks need this entry in order to start Tails.

Check our list of known issues